I love Marcus Aurelius’s Stoic philosophy. Meditations is essentially the first self-help book ever written, and in my eyes, it’s better than those around today.
For me it’s like a resource to refer back to and dwell upon regularly. It mainly covers death, the universe as one entity, the importance of the present, and the necessity of a simple and well-intentioned life. If you often worry about the past or future, about death or self-control, you should really read this.
The book is a collection of short to medium statements that jump around in topic, as written by a guy who was not only a Stoic philosopher, but also a Roman Emperor (living AD121-180). His recorded thoughts weren’t intended for publication, and therefore there’s something very personal about Meditations.
It’s a bit CBT-esque, recording your thoughts in a journal, and Jules Evans has written a lot of interesting information on the bridge from ancient philosophy to modern CBT. I’d really recommend his book Philosophy for Life and Other Dangerous Situations, which I mentioned in this post.
Below are some passages from Meditations that I particularly enjoy, although the list is by no means conclusive.
On the fear of being judged:
“Say to yourself first thing in the morning: today I shall meet people who are meddling, ungrateful, aggressive, treacherous, malicious, unsocial. All of this has afflicted them through their ignorance of true good and evil. But I have seen that the nature of good is what is right, and the nature of evil what is wrong; and I have reflected that the nature of the offender himself is akin to my own – not a kinship of blood or seed, but a sharing in the same mind, the same fragment of divinity. Therefore I cannot be harmed by any of them, as none will infect me with their wrong.”
On the importance of mental calm:
“No retreat offers someone more quiet and relaxation than into his own mind, especially if he can dip into thoughts there which put him at immediate and complete ease: and by ease I simply mean a well-ordered life. So constantly give yourself this retreat, and renew yourself.”
On the powerful influence of judgement on your wellbeing:
“Remove the judgement, and you have removed the thought “I am hurt”: remove the thought “I am hurt”, and the hurt itself is removed.”
On the brevity of life:
“No, you do not have thousands of years to live. Urgency is on you. While you live, while you can, become good.”
On the fear of death:
“On death. Either dispersal, if we are atoms: or, if we are a unity, extinction or a change of home.”